It is a condition caused by persistent diarrhea or constipation where the veins of the rectum and anus get swollen. One may start getting symptoms like bleeding in the stool, irritation and pain around the rectum. When they swell due to an infection, that is when they look abnormal in the body.
Hemorrhoids get swollen when the pressure of the vessels increase. The increased pressure is usually caused by a lot of factors that I have outlined below. Pregnancy causes the swelling since the uterus gets to enlarge and increase in pressure.
This condition may also be caused by a past surgery of the rectum. If one gets injuries in the spinal or rarely stays in the right posture, they are likely to be affected by this condition. Consumption of foods that are of low fiber makes the vessels to increase pressure causing these swellings.
Colon cancer is one condition that causes the hemorrhoids to swell since it makes the intestines to exert pressure that makes the rectum swell. These swellings get to release mucus that causes inflammation around the area. These swellings causes skin tags that are painful hence leading to other infections.
In case a physical examination does not give results, one is recommended for a scan. There are several treatmentmethods that can be performed to a patient like home remedies that are easy for one. Avoiding intake of spicy foods helps in reducing inflammation.
It is important to sit in a warm water bath that helps reduce the inflammation. One is supposed to wipe the area gently after the warm bath to avoid irritation. It is advisable that one uses some petroleum jelly since it forms a protection on the area to stop damage and itchiness.
One is supposed to take a rest for some time to help reduce irritation since the vessels get to reduce the pressure. For a pregnant person, they are advised to lay in bed on the sides to help relax the vessels and reduce the irritation. The vessels can be relaxed by avoiding suing pressure on the anal area.
One can prevent moisture from building up and causing irritation on the anal area by wearing loose clothes and cotton pants. Using ice packs also help in reducing the swelling and irritation when placed on the affected area. One can reduce swelling by avoiding taking a lot of time in the toilet since it reduces vessels enlargement. It is important to sit up and lift the leg up a bit since it helps one in reducing the inflammation.